Queen Elizabeth II: the legacy of a beloved and longest-serving monarch

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; She was the Queen of the United Kingdom from her accession to the throne in February 1952 until her death in September 2022.

He was the main political figure of the fifty-four member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations. In her specific role as monarch of the United Kingdom, she was, in turn, the supreme governor of the Church of England. Her political role covered large areas, she had significant constitutional functions and she acted as a focus of the national unity of the British and as a representative of her nation before the world

She was born in London, the eldest daughter of the Dukes of York (later Kings George VI and Elizabeth) and was educated at home by private tutors. His father ascended to the throne in 1936 after the abdication of his brother Edward VIII. She began carrying out public duties during World War II, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service, the women’s branch of the British Army at the time. When her father died in 1952, Elizabeth, at the age of 25, became head of the Commonwealth of Nations and queen of the seven independent countries belonging to it: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. The celebration of his coronation in 1953. Between 1956 and 2021, half of its kingdoms, including South Africa, Pakistan, Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka), and Barbados, gained their independence and became republics.

In 1947, she married Prince Felipe of Greece and Denmark, with whom she had four children: Carlos, Ana, Andrés and Eduardo.

In 2007, she became the longest-reigning monarch in British history, surpassing the 81-year life span of her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria. At 70 years and 214 days, she was the longest-reigning monarch in British history after once again surpassing Queen Victoria, who reigned for 63 years and 216 days, and with the second longest in history, after 72 years and 110 days of Louis XIV of France. Its Silver, Gold, Diamond, Sapphire, and Platinum jubilees were celebrated in 1977, 2002, 2012, 2017, and 2022, respectively.

Elizabeth died on September 8, 2022 at Balmoral Castle in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, aged 96, and was succeeded to the throne by her eldest son, King Charles III. His state funeral was on September 19, 2022, the first to be held in the UK since Winston Churchill’s in 1965.

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